Thursday, July 26, 2018

Federal Legislative Report 115-11

FISCAL YEAR 2019 (FY19) APPROPRIATIONS

Both Chambers have mostly completed committee work on FY19 appropriations. Below is a chart identifying what the current appropriation is (FY18), what the President has proposed, and what the House and Senate are proposing. The House and Senate funding levels are not final until the full chamber votes to adopt those levels.

Education Funding Priorities
Current FY18 Funding
President’s FY19 Proposal
Senate FY19 Proposal
House FY19 Proposal
Title I
$16.44 billion
$15.9 billion
$16.56 billion
$16.44 billion
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
$12.27 billion
$12 billion
$12.4 billion
$12.32 billion
ESSA -Title II
$2.056 billion
$0
$2.056 billion
$2.056 billion
ESSA -Title IV
$1.1 billion
$0
$1.22 billion
$1.2 billion
Perkins Career and Technical (CTE)
$1.19 billion
$1.11 billion
$1.19 billion
$1.46 billion
ESSA - Title III
$737 million
$737 million
$737 million
$737 million

CARL D. PERKINS CAREER & TECHNICAL EDUCATION ACT (CTE)

The House passed a version in June 2017, which IASB supported. The Senate passed a different version on Monday, July 23. The House concurred with the Senate’s changes on July 25, so the language heads to the President for his signature.

The focus now shifts to recommendations to the House and Senate education committees for implementation and oversight to address priorities regarding continuous improvement measures, a provision the Senate added. Highlights of the final version of the Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the 21st Century Act are as follows:

  • Reauthorizes CTE programs through FY24 and would become effective July 1, 2019;
  • Aligns with the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) for greater state/local flexibility to establish "high quality" programs and standards that are to also be commensurate with the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) for coordinated programming and reporting;
  • Requires disaggregated data reporting for student subgroups to help inform programmatic improvements for closing achievement gaps, similar to ESSA;
  • Allows states to reset their baseline funding levels one time to comply with maintenance of effort (MOE) requirements so that MOE would be at least 95 percent of a state's fiscal effort per student, or 95 percent of a state's aggregate CTE expenditures;
  • Requires local grant recipients to conduct a comprehensive needs assessment with stakeholders every two years, with such priorities addressed in local grant applications to states; and,
  • Requires local grant applicants to address several areas including plans to acclimate students to CTE/career exploration in earlier "middle grades," effective academic and career counseling services, targeted services for at-risk students, and career readiness for students pursuing employment opportunities in non-traditional fields.

SCHOOL NUTRITION

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), since President Trump has been in office, has waived, until 2021, the most onerous provisions (regarding sodium, whole grains, milk fat/flavor) in the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act regulations. However, many school districts still face hardships related to operational costs, lack of certainty, and a la carte menu restrictions.

Both the House and Senate have passed versions of the Farm Bill. The Farm Bill does not typically address the School Nutrition program, however, the House version contains language (Section 4205) which would force a review of existing regulations of the school nutrition program and require input from stakeholders, including school board members. Both Farm Bills are headed to conference committee, and IASB supports inclusion of Section 4205 in the final bill.